To understand what high blood pressure is, it is probably better to first look at blood pressure.
Blood pressure is the pressure that is put on the walls of the arteries as blood is pumped through the body’s circulatory system.
Normally, blood pressure rises and falls as a response to many situations. It will rise during strenuous activity in order to ensure that all the cells of the body get additional amounts of oxygen rich blood and may rise in response to stressful situations and is normally lower during periods of relaxation or sleep.
Blood pressure is usually measured using two values Systolic (the top number, which measures the pressure as your heart contracts to pump blood through your body) over Diastolic (the bottom number which measures the pressure between beats as your heart relaxes). For example, after taking your blood pressure reading, your doctor could tell you that your blood pressure reading is 120/80. The 120 is the Systolic while the 80 is the Diastolic.
- 120/80 would be considered a Normal Blood Pressure reading, however, you should continuously strive to reduce your blood pressure.
- 121 – 139/81 – 89 is considered to be the Pre-Hypertension stage. This means that you don’t have high blood pressure yet, but your chances of developing it are increasing.
- 140 – 159/90 – 99 is considered Stage 1 Hypertension. At this stage, you are considered to have high blood pressure. However, it is still manageable.
- 0ver 160/100 is considered Stage 2 Hypertension. This stage of hypertension is considered severe and may increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
However, if ones blood pressure is consistently high (over 140/90) over a long period of time, one becomes hypertensive. Hypertension then is the condition of having high blood pressure. High blood pressure (Hypertension) can be defined as the condition where ones blood pressure is consistently high over a long period of time.