WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

To understand what high blood pressure is, it is probably better to first look at blood pressure.

Blood pressure

Blood pressure is the pressure that is put on the walls of the arteries as blood is pumped through the body’s circulatory system.

Normally, blood pressure rises and falls as a response to many situations. It will rise during strenuous activity in order to ensure that all the cells of the body get additional amounts of oxygen rich blood and may rise in response to stressful situations and is normally lower during periods of relaxation or sleep.

Blood pressure is usually measured using two values Systolic (the top number, which measures the pressure as your heart contracts to pump blood through your body) over Diastolic (the bottom number which measures the pressure between beats as your heart relaxes). For example, after taking your blood pressure reading, your doctor could tell you that your blood pressure reading is 120/80. The 120 is the Systolic while the 80 is the Diastolic.

Therefore:

  • 120/80 would be considered a Normal Blood Pressure reading, however, you should continuously strive to reduce your blood pressure.
  • 121 – 139/81 – 89 is considered to be the Pre-Hypertension stage. This means that you don’t have high blood pressure yet, but your chances of developing it are increasing.
  • 140 – 159/90 – 99 is considered Stage 1 Hypertension. At this stage, you are considered to have high blood pressure. However, it is still manageable.
  • 0ver 160/100 is considered Stage 2 Hypertension. This stage of hypertension is considered severe and may increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Automated arm blood pressure meter showing arterial hypertension (shown is systolic blood pressure of 158 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure of 99 mmHg and heart rate of 80 beats per minute).

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

However, if ones blood pressure is consistently high (over 140/90) over a long period of time, one becomes hypertensive. Hypertension then is the condition of having high blood pressure. High blood pressure (Hypertension) can be defined as the condition where ones blood pressure is consistently high over a long period of time.

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About Nutrients that keep blood pressure normal

In an effort to draw attention to the dramatic increases in chronic disease world-wide, the World Health Organization (WHO) in its report, “Preventing Chronic Disease - A Vital Investment”, pointed that chronic disease, world-wide, is increasing faster than the rate of population growth! In 2005, 60% of all deaths, about 35 million, were attributed to chronic disease. By 2015, they expect that number to rise by 17% to 41 million! One of these chronic diseases is cardiovascular disease - a disease linked to high blood pressure, which the WHO reports kills an estimated 17 million people worldwide every year. At the root of this problem is poor nutrition. Many people are just not consuming foods with sufficient levels of nutrients capable of helping our bodies fight off diseases and keep us healthy. As a way to help people improve their diet and reduce incidences of chronic diseases (particularly those linked to high blood pressure), we decided to write this blog in an attempt to highlight nutrients that are important in maintaining normal blood pressure levels. We have also included research findings to back our claims. Also featured are dietary supplements that contain the essential nutrients in much higher levels than those found in ordinary food for best results. Feel free to leave your comments or contact us in case you have any queries. Also kindly support our cause by buying any of the featured dietary supplements.
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